Srina Architecture Blog

Wild Life Adventure in Gujarat - Surpaneshwar Wild Life Sanctuary.


Shoolpaneshwar (also called as Surpaneshwar) wildlife sanctuary, located in Narmada district of South Gujarat. Shoolpaneshwar sanctuary is covered with dense and lush green forest. Over here there is a beautiful and virgin waterfall named as Zarwani Waterfall. This picturesque waterfall is surrounded by dense forest. It is

Main attraction of the sanctuary is Zarwani Waterfall. Waterfall offers picturesque scene and is surrounded by lush green dense forest. It is

Place is best for to explore natural place by hiking with friends.

A small village near to waterfall and friendly people makes this site more inviting.


Wind Mill Pump Mechanism - Akshay Dafade

Wind pump design is done by Dr. Kari Appa, a retired aerospace engineer, started Appa Technology Initiatives (ATI) in 1998 to develop new technologies in Aerospace and Wind Energy. In 2000, he was awarded a grant from the California Energy Commission to demonstrate proof-of-concept of a Contra Rotor Wind Turbine System (“CRWT”) using a pair of two-bladed 4 meter rotors and a pair of 3 kW permanent magnet alternators. The outcome of the study show that the leeward rotor of a CRWT could extract an additional 30-40% more power from a wind stream. Dr. Appa has been awarded 5 U.S. Patents for CRWT-related inventions. Dr. Kari Appa can be reached by Tel: 91-80-2553-9873 , Email:

Wind pump is being used since long from the nineteenth century for water pumping and irrigation, for flour mills. The video explains the basic mechanism of the wind mill, thanks to Akshay and his team for the information.


He Plants Tree Plants Hope - LAP Urban Design


LAP Landscape & Urban Design is a successful Dutch design studio that was founded in Rotterdam in 2009 after winning the biannual Archiprix International for best worldwide graduation project and Europan Nijmegen by Sander Lap. The studio specialises in interdisciplinary designs between landscape and urban design with a strong ecological and robust identity.

The studio recently won in consortium the international design competition Serp I Molot (Hammer & Sickle). This legendary factory site of 58ha in the city center of Moscow will be transformed in the coming years into a buzzing urban district. The territory will hold up to 1.8million m2 mix use development and envisions completion in 2021.

Last year the studio settled itself into the Russian design scene by winning the international design competition for Nikola Lenivets. The project Constellation offered a strategic organisation for the new territories around the art village of Nikolay Pollisky. Later that year the studio won third prize in the international ZIM-konkurs in Samara with Volga River waterfront masterplan.


Basic Principles of Landscape Designs by Hansen Gail

Basic Principle:

Article on Landscape Principle by Gail Hansen 

Assistant Professor Florida University

Landscape designers work on a canvas that is distinctly different from other art forms. The "art" is always changing as the plants grow, environmental conditions change, and people use the space. For this reason, landscape designers use a design process that systematically considers all aspects of the land, the environment, the growing plants, and the needs of the user to ensure a visually pleasing, functional, and ecologically healthy design.

Elements and Principles


The design process begins by determining the needs and desires of the user and the conditions of the site. With this information, the designer then organizes the plants and hardscape materials, which are collectively referred to as the features. The features can be physically described by the visual qualities of line, form, color, texture, and visual weight—the elements of design. The principles are the fundamental concepts of composition—proportion, order, repetition, and unity—that serve as guidelines to arrange or organize the features to create an aesthetically pleasing or beautiful landscape.

Knowledge of the elements and principles of design is essential to designing a landscape and working through the design process. This publication describes each of the elements and explains the principles and their application.

Elements of Design

The elements of composition are the visual qualities that people see and respond to when viewing a space. Visual qualities can illicit many different emotions and feelings, and the more positive those feelings, the more likely people are to enjoy and use a space. Perhaps the most common element in a composition is line. Line creates all forms and patterns and can be used in a variety of ways in the landscape.